Ixodes frontalis

Also known as the Passerine tick

Hosts

Swallow, tit, warbler, thrush, pigeon, crow, rail, collared dove, turtle dove, badgers (occasionally)

Distribution

South East England

West and North coast England

France

Belgium

Holland

Germany

Denmark

Norway

Poland

Spain

Italy

Ixodes frontalis is generally found in birds nest in coniferous/deciduous woodland, parks and gardens

Pathogenesis

Coxiella burneti

Bahig, Kemerovo, Matruh viruses

 

Description

Adult female dorsal features

  • Palps long
  • Cornua distinct but rounded
  • Tarsus I long and tapered with three dorsal humps
  • Unfed female can measure between 2.8mm-3.2mm in length
  • Engorged females can measure up to 8.0mm in length

Adult female ventral features

  • Auriculae distinct but rounded
  • Coxae I: prominent and pointed internal spur and blunt external spur
  • Coxae II-III:distinct, short external spurs
  • Coxae IV:indistinct external spur

Adult male dorsal features

  • Palps long
  • Cornua distinct but rounded
  • Tarsus I long and tapered
  • Males can measure between 2.1mm-2.3mm in length

Adult male ventral features

  • Auriculae absent
  • Coxae I: internal spurs but has indistinct external spur
  • Coxae II-IV: indistinct external spurs
  • Ventral plate- median plate is more than 2x the length of the adanal plates

 

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