Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum

Hosts

Cattle, sheep, goats, horses

Distribution

Italy

Greece

Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum is mainly found in the warmer climates of the Mediterranean, however it has been known to survive in areas with a marked winter

Pathogenesis

Cattle/Horse: Theileria annulata, Bovine babesiosis

Description

Adult female dorsal features

  • Scapular grooves are steep
  • Legs have pale rings
  • Porose area is small
  • Unfed female can measure 5.0mm-6.5mm in length
  • Engorged females can measure up to¬† in length 20mm in length

Adult female dorsal view and adult female close up of gnathosoma; palps are missing from this specimen. (Click on pictures for a close up)

Adult female ventral features

  • Coxae I: long and distinct internal and external spur, that are large and equal
  • Coxae II-II: indistinct external spurs that can be hard to see
  • Coxae IV: indistinct internal spur

Adult female ventral view and adult female close up of coxae/ventral gnathosoma; Palps are missing from this specimen. (Click on pictures for a close up)

Adult male dorsal features

  • Cervical field depression is apparent
  • Lateral grooves are short
  • 2x posterior ridges present
  • Central festoon is pale in colour
  • Paracentral festoons are joined anteriorly
  • Paramedian grooves are small and indistinct
  • Males can measure between 3.8mm-5.00mm

Adult male dorsal view and adult male close up of gnathosoma. (Click on pictures for a close up)

Adult male ventral features

  • Adanal shields present; square ended
  • Accessory adanal shields present; small
  • Sub-anal plates present; distinct and aligned with adanal shield
  • Coxae I: long and distinct internal and external spur, that are large and equal
  • Coxae II-II: indistinct external spurs that can be hard to see
  • Coxae IV: indistinct internal spur

Adult male ventral view and adult male close up of coxae/ventral gnathosoma. (Click on pictures for a close up)

 

 

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