Dermacentor reticulatus

Also known as the Ornate dog tick, Meadow tick

Hosts

Most medium-sized mammals: sheep, cattle, dog, horse, pig, human

Distribution

UK

Wide spread across West Europe

Dermacentor reticulatus is mainly found in wooded areas across Western Europe, however it is found in certain coastal areas within the UK (West coast and South East coast of England)

Pathogenesis

Dogs: Babesia canis 

 

Other diseases that have been associated with D.reticulatus include:

Babesia ovis

Theileria ovis

Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)

Francisella tularensis

Brucella

Rickettsia conorii (Boutonneuse fever)

Anaplasma ovis

Babesia caballi

Theileria equi

Infectious encephalomyelitis

Description

Adult female dorsal features

  • Porose area is broad and oval in shape
  • Article ii of palps has a posterior facing spur
  • Basis capituli is rectangular in shape and broader than long
  • Overall length unfed: 3.8-4.2mm
  • Length of engorged female: 10mm

Adult female dorsal view and adult female close up of gnathosoma. (Click on pictures for a close up)

Adult female ventral features

  • Coxae I: external and internal spur present, gap between each is considered narrow
  • Genital aperture forms a broad ‘U’ shape

Adult female ventral view and adult female close up of coxae/ventral gnathosoma. (Click on pictures for a close up)

Adult male dorsal features

  • Cornua length is long
  • Article ii of palps have a long posterior facing spur
  • Lateral groove present as punctations only
  • Overall length of adult male is 4.2mm-4.8mm

Adult male dorsal view and adult male close up of gnathosoma. (Click on pictures for a close up)

Adult male ventral features

  • Coxae I: external and internal spur present, gap between each is considered narrow
  • Coxae IV: enlarged
  • Coxae II-IV: Short external spurs

 

Adult male ventral view and adult male close up of coxae/ventral gnathosoma. (Click on pictures for a close up)

 

 

 

Print Friendly